GST return is one of the most transparent ways of maintaining tax Accountability.
It is the Goods and Services Tax Return form that all types of taxpayers have to file with the income tax authorities of India under the new GST rules.
What is GST Returns?
GST return is a document with details about the Income that a registered taxpayer has to file with tax authorities. Tax authorities use this to calculate Tax Liability. A taxpayer has to file the following details with GST Returns: Purchases Sales Input tax credit (includes the GST paid on purchases) Output GST (on sales) Types of GST Returns There are a total of 15 GST Returns.
They are as follows:
1. GSTR-1: GSTR-1 is a detailed report about sales transactions made during a tax period. A normal taxpayer registered under the GST regime should file it. It also includes reporting any debit and credit notes issued. Any changes made to sales invoices should be included while reporting GSTR-1. GSTR-1 should be filed monthly.
3. GSTR-2: GSTR-2 is the reporting of all purchases made from registered suppliers during a tax period. All the details are directly reflected in GSTR-2 from GSTR-2A. This is to be filed by all normal taxpayers. The filing of GSTR-2 has been temporarily suspended.
4. GSTR-3 :This is a monthly summary return with summarised details about all outward supplies, purchases, input tax credit claimed, along with any tax liability and Taxes paid. This is auto-generated based on your GSTR-1 and GSTR-2 filing. GSTR-3 has been temporarily suspended.
5. GSTR-3B :This has to be filed by all normal taxpayers registered under GST. It is a monthly self-declaration with summarised details about outward supplies, input tax credit claimed, tax liability and taxes paid.
6. GSTR-4/CMP-08 :GSTR-4 is the return that the taxpayers have to file if they have opted for the Composition scheme. CMP-08 is the return that has replaced the former GSTR-4. This has to be filed every quarter.
7. GSTR-5 :This is a return that has to be filed by Non-Resident foreign taxpayers who carry out business transactions in India. It is a return with details about all outward supplies, purchases, input tax credit claimed, along with any tax liability and taxes paid. GSTR-5 has to be filed monthly by the taxpayer registered under the GST in India.
8. GSTR-6: This is a return that is to be filed monthly by an Input Service distributor (ISD). It contains details about the input tax credit received and distributed by ISD.
9. GSTR-7 :This is a monthly return to be filed by those who are required to deduct TDS (Tax Deducted at Source). This will contain details about TDS deducted, TDS liability that is payable/paid and TDS Refund claimed.
10. GSTR-8: E-commerce operators, who are required to collect tax at source (TCS) are to file this monthly. It will contain the details of all the supplies made on the e-commerce platform and the TCS collected.
11. GSTR-9: Taxpayers registered under GST have to pay this return annually.
12. GSTR-9A :Taxpayers registered under the Composition Scheme have to file this return annually.
13. GSTR-9C :This is a Reconciliation statement that taxpayers whose turnover is more than Rs. 2 Cr every financial year are to file.
14. GSTR-10: Any taxable person whose registered status has been cancelled or surrendered is to file this.
15. GSTR-11: This is to be filed by those who have been issued a Unique Identity Number (UIN) to avail refund under GST for the purchase of good and services in India.
GST Returns are a transparent method to keep financial transactions accountable. And since it can be done online, it gives the advantage of the ease of access and flexibility.